What was the importance of Vatsugulma Branch?
The founder of this branch was Sarvasena who is mentioned in Basin plates and the Ajanta inscription as son of Pravarasena I. The country under his rule appears to have stretched south of the Ajanta range upto the bank of the Godavari.
He made Vatsagulma, modern Basin in the Akola district of Maharashtra, his capital. Sarvasena continued the title dharmamaharaja which his father Pravarasena I had assumed.
He was a liberal patron of learning and himself a poet of high order, for his Prakrit poetic work titled Harivijaya is praised by Dandin in his Avantisundarikatha. Besides this, Sarvasena also composed Prakrit gathas, which were later, included in the Sattasai. He has been placed between the period c. AD 330-55.
Sarvasena was succeeded by his son Vindhyasena or Vindhyashakti II. He pursued an aggresive policy and defeated the lord of Kuntala who was probably Mananka, the founder of the Early Rashtrakuta dynasty. He ruled till AD 400. Vindhyasena was followed by his son Pravarasena II.
After a short reign he was succeeded by his minor son whose name is lost. He was succeeded by his son Devasena. A stone inscription at Basin records the construction of a tank called Sudarshan by Svamilladeva, a servant of Devasena. Devasena may have ruled from AD 450 to 475. Devasena was succeeded by his son Harishena in AD 475.
He is the last-known king of this line. He conquered many regions which included Avanti, Kosala, Kalinga, Andhra, Lata, Trikuta and Kuntala. However, all these rulers were made tributary states and not incorporated. Harishena’s incursions seem to have led to the establishment of new royal families.
Just about this time in AD 498, the Ganga era was started, marking the foundation of a new power in Kalinga. In Andhra, Harishena seems to have supplanted the contemporary Shalankayana king and given the throne to the Vishnukundin king Madhavavarman I who married the daughter of Harishena. Harishena ruled till AD 500. Harishena’s minister Varahadeva caused the Ajanta
Cave XVI to be excavated and decorated with sculptures and picture-galleries. This cave is considered in some respects to be the most elegant. This dynasty seems to have been overthrown in c. AD 550 by the early Kalachuris. Krishnaraja seems to have founded this dynasty over the ruins of the Vakataka dominions.